The AEM (Mexican Space Agency) is the national space agency of Mexico, established in July 2010.
While the study of astronomy in the region dates back to pre-Columbian times and had a boom in the colonial period, the direct antecedent of the agency is the National Commission of Outer Space an office created by Presidential decree on August 31, 1962, and attached to the Secretariat of Communications and Transportation which conducted experiments in rocketry, telecommunications and atmospheric studies from 1962 to 1976.
The bill was originally conceived by José Luis Garcia and Fernando de la Peña. It was reviewed by Gianfranco Bissiacchi, José Hernández, Rodolfo Neri Vela among others. It was then submitted by the moral leader of the teachers in the state of Hidalgo.
The developers presented a bill to congress whose main purpose was, according to Fernando de la Peña, promote private investment and facilitate the creation of multinational aerospace companies in the State of Hidalgo. The bill required the Agency to become a self-financing entity and not merely focus on research activities. The agency was approved by the Mexican Chamber of Deputies (208 voted yes, 2 no and 4 absentees) on April 20, 2010 after receiving a significant vote of confidence on April 26, 2006.
Their mission is to transform Mexico into a country with space scientific and technological activities of international class oriented care of social needs and articulated industrialization programs and services in frontier technologies, which help increase the country’s competitiveness.